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An introduction to systematic reviews of prognostic studies

Date and Location

Session: 

W4.08

Date: 

Monday 23 September 2013 - 13:30 - 15:00

Location

Methods Group and core training

Methods Group

Prognosis Methods Group
Contact persons and facilitators

Contact person

Jill Hayden

Facilitators

Jill Hayden
Karel Moons
Other contributors
First nameLast nameAffiliation and Country

First name

Richard

Last name

Riley

Affiliation and Country

University of Birmingham

First name

Doug

Last name

Altman

Affiliation and Country

Oxford University

First name

Susan

Last name

Woolfenden

Affiliation and Country

Children's Hospital at Westmead

First name

Katrina

Last name

Williams

Affiliation and Country

The Royal Children's Hospital
Target audience

Target audience

Reviewers with an interest in systematic reviews of prognosis studies

Is your workshop restricted to a specific audience or open to all Colloquium participants?

Open

Level of knowledge required

Basic
Type of workshop

Type of workshop

Training
Abstract text

Abstract

Objectives: This workshop will introduce participants to systematic reviews of prognostic studies. We will discuss challenges and will help participants formulate a prognostic review question. Using published examples and exercises, we will introduce methods and resources for conducting a systematic review of prognostic studies. Description: Prognosis is a description of the probable course (or prediction of the occurrence) of individuals with a certain health condition over time. Important to prognosis is consideration of characteristics or factors that are associated with or determine the course of the health condition. Healthcare professionals use prognostic information to educate and inform the management of their patients. Similar to research intervention effectiveness, prognostic evidence requires systematic and transparent synthesis. Although basic principles to reduce bias and random error are similar, there are several challenges unique to reviews of prognostic studies. In this workshop we will discuss three main types of related prognosis questions: ‘What is the most likely course of this health condition?’ (average/overall prognosis); ‘What factors are associated with, or determine outcome?’ (prognostic factors); and ‘Are there risk groups who are likely to have different outcomes?’ (prognostic prediction models). We will introduce methods and resources for planning a systematic review of prognostic studies.